Atopic skin A lifelong condition that affects more than just the skin

Prevalence in growth

Atopic Dermatitis is an inflammatory disease of the skin characterised by red and dry skin that causes itching and scratching. Benign and not contagious.

Chronic and increasingly present. Its prevalence has multiplied 2-3 times in the last 30 years, due to environmental factors and the increase in irritant products.

It occurs during outbreak and inter-outbreak periods. We use the term ‘outbreak’ when the disease is manifesting itself in full swing in periods of remission, we use the term ‘inter-outbreak’.

It itches enormously, becomes inflamed, and you never know when it is going to appear. The child sleeps badly and cannot concentrate at school. You can see the blemishes on his face and outbreaks make him anxious. It even affects the parents, who feel powerless and exhausted.

Data about atopic dermatitis

Prevalence

5%

in the global population

Prelevance

20%

in kids

Appears before

1

year in 60% of cases

Appears between

0-5

years in 85%of cases

It can lead to other problems

Atopic dermatitis is often not an isolated phenomenon. It can occasionally lead to other problems such as asthma and food and respiratory allergies.

As well as skin atopy, respiratory atopy may also manifest in the form of asthma, or digestive tract atopy which manifests in the form of food allergies. This is known as the atopic march.

There are studies that show that a child with a controlled atopy is less likely to present this kind of complication.

...and a day without tears is one more day with a smile on the calendar


8 tips for the care of atopic skin

1

Baths

Baths are certainly necessary but can be drying to the skin if certain precautions are not taken. Use specific products for atopic skin that are soap-free and non-drying. Baths should be short and the water should be warm-hot (30 °C -35 °C). For older children, showers are preferable. Avoid using sponges and rubbing the skin.

2

Drying

While drying off, avoid increasing skin irritation. Dry your child gently with a cotton towel and avoid rubbing the skin. Pay close attention to fold areas.

3

Moisturizing

Correct moisturization is extremely important in the care of atopic skin; it helps reduce the number of flares and the need for medical treatment. Apply the emollient cream to problem areas and moisturizing lotion to the rest of the body.

4

Clothing

Avoid wool and certain synthetic fibres. Opt for cotton or linen clothing. Use a gentle detergent to wash clothing, rinse laundry thoroughly and avoid softeners.

5

At home

Allergens at home, such as dust mites, might trigger or worsen atopic skin flares. Ventilate bedrooms on a daily basis and avoid items that retain dust, such as rugs, stuffed toys and bedding with feathers.

6

Winter

Atopic dermatitis becomes worse with the cold, low humidity and heating. Therefore, symptoms may be more noticeable at this time. Keep the temperature at home between 20 °C and 22 °C and be sure to moisturise your child’s skin on a daily basis.

7

Summer

Atopic dermatitis generally improves with exposure to the sun and time spent at the beach. Bathing in sea water can be very beneficial. Be careful with the sun and use specific creams with SPF 50+. Chlorine from pools can dry the skin. Rinse your child off in the shower immediately afterwards and apply a moisturising lotion.

8

Awareness

With age, it’s important that your child learns to manage his/her dermatitis. Teach your child how to prevent flares, remind him/her periodically and help him/her control the urge to scratch when the skin itches.

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