Mosquito CENTER ISDIN In war, the main priority is to know your enemy

Mosquitoes are more common during summer and hot weather, in humid areas and in warm, tropical or subtropical climates.

The majority of mosquitoes within our environment do not supose any significant threat to our health, nevertheless they cause discomfort that directly affects our quality of life.

Some mosquito species, however, are a threat to human health as they act as vectors of infectious diseases in some countries.

Common Mosquito (Culex pipiens)

Cosmopolitan, very abundant in Spain. Dominates near wastewater. Bites at sunset and at night.

Tiger Mosquito (Aedes albopictus)

Found in certain regions of Spain. Predominates in urban areas and uses water containers for breeding. Bites during daylight causing severe inflammation with annoying bites.

Black Fly (Simulidae)

Located in Spain. Predominates in rural areas and near rivers. Bites at sunset and produces multiple bites with marked edemas.

Other Mosquito species (Culex sp., Aedes sp., Anopheles sp.)

Located in hot and humid regions of Europe, Africa, America and Asia. Their prevalence increases in tropical and subtropical regions. Within some countries they act as diseases vectors: dengue, yellow fever, malaria and encephalitis. Bite depending on each species at dawn, dusk and at night.

Travelling or on vacation? Follow these recommendations

The worldwide increase of the mosquito population, as well as the proliferation of the tiger mosquito in urban and coastal regions, has increased the need to use repellents. In oder to prevent their painful bites, some precautions need to be taken into account:

1

Use repellents, covering all body exposed areas. Insect repellents act by forming a barrier on skin that interferes with the sensory mechanisms of insects, preventing them from landing on skin or biting.

2

Place mosquito nets over doors and windows.

3

Wear long-sleeved clothing and long trousers. Avoid dark colours and strong perfumes as they attract mosquitoes.

4

Wash your hands thoroughly after applying the product.

5

Do not approach outdoor areas where there is stagnant water, rubbish, flowers or fruit. And if you have a pet, ensure it is kept clean.

6

If you are planning to visit a country at risk of tropical disease transmission, inquire to specialized health professionals and International Vaccination Centres before travelling.

What to do if bitten?

To relieve the bite, it is effective to clean and cool the affected area to reduce inflammation. Use antipruritic or soothing products such as CalmaBite ISDIN.

If the bite increases in size, burns or causes pain it is recommended to visit your doctor.

Remember that an inadequate treatment of a mosquito bite could represent the entry of pathogenic germs, which may cause infection.

Antimosquitos ISDIN - Virus Zika

About Zika

Important information about the virus The WHO has declared the Zika virus a global health emergency. Here are some precautions to take to avoid being bitten by the Aedes mosquitoes, like the Asian tiger mosquito and the Aedes aegypti mosquito.

Did you know that...

Only female mosquitoes bite

as they are haematophagous, which means they need the blood of other animals and humans to reproduce.

Mosquitoes need an aquatic environment

to accomplish their reproduction cycle: to lay their eggs and enable the larva and pupa development through metamorphosis. That explains why they are mainly found in areas close to stagnant water.

The tiger mosquito

may complete its lifecycle in just 10 days and reproduces very quickly. Each female can lay up to 100 eggs.

The black fly does not sting

but bites. May cause multiple bites in a single attack.

Differences between the tiger mosquito and the black fly

While the tiger mosquito is long and thin, the black fly is smaller and rounder.

All mosquitoes that bite are guided by the smell emitted by

humans and animals through the skin, specially attracted by the carbon dioxide that we breathe out.

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